IRS Form 1099-DA: What U.S. Taxpayers Need to Know About Digital Asset Reporting

Hospitality IRS Form 1099-DA


As digital assets continue to gain prominence in the global financial ecosystem, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has introduced IRS Form 1099-DA to ensure transparency and compliance in this emerging sector. Digital assets like cryptocurrencies, tokens, and NFTs (non-fungible tokens) pose unique challenges for tax reporting due to their decentralized nature and fluctuating value. Our firm specializes in international taxation services and recognizes the importance of understanding IRS Form 1099-DA to stay compliant with U.S. tax laws. In this blog, we delve deeply into Form 1099-DA, its specific requirements, IRS sections impacting it, and potential implications for taxpayers.

Understanding IRS Form 1099-DA

IRS Form 1099-DA is a new form proposed to facilitate accurate reporting of digital asset income. With the recent Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (Pub. L. 117-58), the IRS is mandated to expand reporting requirements for digital asset brokers under Internal Revenue Code Section 6045. This move will enable the IRS to better track activities like trading, staking, mining, and other taxable digital asset events, ensuring taxpayers correctly report their digital asset income.

Who Is Required to File Form 1099-DA?

The primary filers of Form 1099-DA will include:


1. Digital Asset Exchanges and Platforms:

Under Section 6045, platforms facilitating digital asset transactions must report the gross proceeds from any sale or exchange of digital assets involving their customers.


2. Brokers and Custodians:

Entities or individuals acting as brokers or custodians for digital assets (as defined under Section 6045(c)) must report transaction data involving customer accounts.


3. Taxpayers with Significant Digital Asset Income:

Individual taxpayers earning significant income through digital asset transactions (e.g., through exchanges or rewards) will receive Form 1099-DA from the platforms or brokers they use.


Key Transactions Reported on Form 1099-DA

The IRS intends for Form 1099-DA to cover a comprehensive range of digital asset transactions, including: 


1. Sales and Exchanges:

Sales and exchanges of cryptocurrencies, tokens, and NFTs fall under Section 1001 for capital gains and losses.


2. Staking and Mining Rewards:

Under Notice 2014-21, digital asset mining and staking rewards are classified as taxable income and reported based on fair market value at the time of receipt.


3. Airdrops and Forked Coins:

According to Revenue Ruling 2019-24, airdrops and forked coins are taxable income, with fair market value determined at the time of receipt.


4. Interest Earned on Lending Platforms:

Section 61(a)(4) requires that interest earned through digital asset lending be included in gross income.


5. Other Taxable Events:

Any other taxable events involving digital assets (like swaps or donations) will also need to be reported.

Filing Requirements and Deadlines

The filing deadlines for Form 1099-DA will align with the existing deadlines for other 1099 series forms. Filers are expected to provide a copy to the IRS by February 28 (paper) or March 31 (electronic). Taxpayers should receive their copy by January 31 of the following year. Failure to file or provide the form on time can result in penalties under Sections 6721 and 6722.

Implications of Non-Compliance

Failing to comply with Form 1099-DA requirements can lead to severe consequences, including substantial fines under Section 6721 for entities and additional penalties for individual taxpayers. The IRS has signalled that it will increase its scrutiny of digital asset reporting in the coming years, emphasizing the importance of accurate income reporting.


IRS Form 1099-DA represents a significant step toward consistent reporting of digital asset transactions. With digital asset regulations continuing to evolve, individual taxpayers and reporting entities must understand their obligations and stay compliant. Our firm is highly experienced in international taxation services and can help guide you through the complex landscape of digital asset taxation, ensuring accurate reporting and minimizing potential tax liabilities.

Have Questions?

Digital asset taxation can be complex, but you don’t have to tackle it alone. For expert guidance on IRS Form 1099-DA or any other international taxation needs, reach out to us at or visit our website at Our team of seasoned professionals is ready to provide tailored advice and comprehensive support to help you stay compliant and maximize your tax strategy in this rapidly evolving digital asset sector.


This blog post is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal or tax advice. Each taxpayer’s situation is unique, and you should consult with a qualified professional for advice tailored to your specific circumstances.


1. What is IRS Form 1099-DA?
IRS Form 1099-DA is a proposed tax form designed to help report income from digital asset transactions, including trading, staking, mining, and other taxable events involving cryptocurrencies and NFTs.


2. Who needs to file Form 1099-DA?
Digital asset exchanges, brokers, custodians, and other platforms facilitating cryptocurrency transactions will likely need to file this form. Individual taxpayers with significant digital asset income will receive the form from these platforms.


3. What types of transactions must be reported on Form 1099-DA?
Transactions such as sales and exchanges of cryptocurrencies, staking and mining rewards, airdrops and forked coins, and interest earned on lending platforms must be reported.


4. When are Form 1099-DA reports due?
The reports are due to the IRS by February 28 for paper filing or March 31 for electronic filing. Taxpayers should receive their copy by January 31 of the following year.


5. What IRS sections apply to digital asset taxation and Form 1099-DA?
Key IRS sections include Section 6045 (broker reporting), Section 61 (income inclusion), Section 6721 (penalties for failure to file), and Notice 2014-21 (cryptocurrency guidance).


6. How does the IRS define a broker for Form 1099-DA purposes?
A broker, as defined in Section 6045(c), includes any person or entity that facilitates transactions in digital assets on behalf of others, such as exchanges and lending platforms.


7. What penalties apply for failing to file Form 1099-DA?
Penalties for failure to file start at $50 per missed form but can escalate up to $280 per form under Section 6721 for continued non-compliance.


8. How is income from digital asset staking and mining reported?
Staking and mining rewards are taxable and must be reported as income at fair market value at the time of receipt, per Notice 2014-21.


9. Do airdrops and forked coins need to be reported on Form 1099-DA?
Yes, airdrops and forked coins are considered taxable income based on their fair market value at the time of receipt and should be reported.


10. Where can I find more information about Form 1099-DA and digital asset taxation?
Visit the IRS website or contact a qualified tax professional specializing in digital asset taxation. For expert assistance, reach out to us at or visit


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